Back Pain

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The back pain is of two types. One is lower back pain, which occurs in the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine, spinal cord, lower back muscles, abdominal and pelvic internal organs. The upper back pain is due to disorders of the aorta, tumors in chest and spine inflammation. The problem in muscles, ligaments, tendons, disks, and bones cause back pain. The reason can be anything from strain, structural problem (ruptured disk, sciatica, arthritis, osteoporosis), movement and posture, cancer of the spine, infection of the spine and shingles, etc. Constant pain, weight loss, numbness around the genitals, anus or buttock and pain that reaches the leg or knee are symptoms when you should visit the doctor without any delay.

Treatments

  •       Treatment to back pain depends on the severity that requires proper diagnosis.
  •       Diagnostics include physical examination, X-rays, MRI Scan, CT Scan, Bone Scan, EMG (Electromyography).
  •       Use of pain relief medicines and anti-inflammatory drugs
  •       Physical therapy like applying ice, heat, ultrasound, and electrical stimulation, etc.
  •       Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  •       Yoga and Acupuncture
  •       Surgery in cases of fusion of two vertebrae, artificial disc insertion, diskectomy and partial removal of the vertebra.

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